In 2012, Google released version 1.0 of their PageSpeed modules for NGINX and Apache. It has gone largely unnoticed since then. The short of PageSpeed is that if you add it to your web server, you can configure it to optimize anything passing through it using techniques such as minification, format conversion, and even injecting scripts to lazy-load images. You can read more about what it does on the official site.

It sounded great in theory, but how properly install it with NGINX wasn’t obvious. While Google does publish scripts to help with the installation, it requires a non-trivial depth of knowledge to do right. After struggling with it for many hours, I wrote a guide for personal future reference.

I recently returned to those notes to entirely automate the process using GitHub Actions. The work is open-source and available on GitHub.


Run the following as root on a Debian-based machine:

sudo su
apt-key adv --keyserver --recv-keys 8028BE1819F3E4A0
echo "deb /" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nginx-pagespeed.list
echo "Package: *" > /etc/apt/preferences.d/99nginx-pagespeed
echo "Pin: origin" >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/99nginx-pagespeed
echo "Pin-Priority: 900" >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/99nginx-pagespeed
apt update
apt install nginx-full # If NGINX is already installed, an `apt upgrade` works too
echo "pagespeed on;" > /etc/nginx/conf.d/pagespeed.conf
echo "pagespeed FileCachePath \"/var/cache/pagespeed/\";" >> /etc/nginx/conf.d/pagespeed.conf
echo "pagespeed FileCacheSizeKb 102400;" >> /etc/nginx/conf.d/pagespeed.conf
echo "pagespeed FileCacheCleanIntervalMs 3600000;" >> /etc/nginx/conf.d/pagespeed.conf
echo "pagespeed FileCacheInodeLimit 500000;" >> /etc/nginx/conf.d/pagespeed.conf
echo "pagespeed RewriteLevel CoreFilters;" >> /etc/nginx/conf.d/pagespeed.conf

systemctl reload nginx

The installation process is explained more thoroughly on the GitHub page if you’re curious.

Once that is done, you will have an active NGINX + PageSpeed installation that will receive the same updates as upstream NGINX. You can learn more about individual filters that you can enable in the documentation.